MUDRA- Hand Gestures

Mudras in Odissi Dance are divides in four parts as follow:

  1. Asamyukta Hasta Mudra – Single hand Mudras – 28 Prakar
  2. Samyukta Hasta Mudra– Joint hand Mudras – 23 Prakar
  3. Nrutya Hasta Mudra –  17 Prakar “Pure Dance” Mudras (Select few out of the above categories).
  4. Parampara Hasta Mudra – 10 Prakar- Traditional Mudras commonly used for easy understanding

Asamyukta Hasta Mudras – these are the mudras shown on single hand or on separate hands.

 

  1. Pataka- Flag
  2. Tripataka – Three parts of a flag
  3. Ardhapataka – Half flag
  4. Kartarimukha – Scissors face
  5. Mayura – Peacock
  6. Ardhachandra – Half moon
  7. Arala – Crooked
  8. Sukhatunda – Parrot’s Beak
  9. Mushti – Fist
  10. Shikhara – Spire
  11. Kapittha – Wood apple
  12. Kataka Mukha (1,2 & 3)– Type of bird
  13. Suchi – Needle
  14. Chandrakala – Dark moon
  15. Padmakosha – Half open lotus flower
  16. Sarpashirsha – Serpent head
  17. Mrigashirsha – Dear head
  18. Simhamukha – Lion Face
  19. Kangula – Bulb
  20. Alapadma – Fully open lotus flower
  21. Chatura – Smart /Square
  22. Bramhara – Bee
  23. Hamsasaya – Wild Goose or Swan
  24. Hamsapakshya – Wild Goose or Swan’s wing
  25. Samdamsa – Firefly
  26. Mukula – flower bud
  27. Tamrachuda – Rooster
  28. Trishula – Trident (Emblem of Shiva)

Samyukta Hasta Mudras – Samyukta Hasta mudras are the hand gestures shown with both the hands joined together

  1. Anjali – Salutation
  2. Kapota – Dove
  3. Karkata – Crab
  4. Swastika – Cross
  5. Dola – Swing
  6. Pushpaputa – Flower casket
  7. Utsanga – Embrace
  8. Shivalinga – Masculine principal
  9. Katakavardhana – Link of increase
  10. Kartariswastika – Crossed arrows
  11. Shakata – Cart
  12. Shankha – Conch shell
  13. Chakra – Wheel
  14. Samputa – Casket
  15. Pasha – Noose
  16. Kilaka – Bond
  17. Matsya – Fish
  18. Kurma – Turtle
  19. Varaha – Wild boar
  20. Garuda – Eagle
  21. Nagabandha – Serpent tie
  22. Khatva – Cot
  23. Bherunda – Two-headed bird / pair of birds

Nrutya Hasta Mudra- Nrutya Hasta Mudras are the mudras are pure dance mudras that are frequently used during performances. They are a collection of some Asumyukta and Sumyukta Hasta Mudras.

  1. Pataka
  2. Ardhapatak
  3. Mayura
  4. Hansasya
  5. Chatura
  6. Ardhachandra
  7. Alapadma
  8. Katakamukha
  9. Suchi
  10. Sikhara
  11. Kapitha
  12. Sukachanchu
  13. Anjali
  14. Swastika
  15. Karkata
  16. Dolahasta
  17. Puspaputa

Parampara Hasta Mudra – Parampara Hasta Mudras are traditional Mudras commonly used during dance for easy understanding.

  1. Bastra – Cloth
  2. Tambula – Betel (Paan)
  3. Puspa – Flower
  4. Bana – Bow
  5. Sukachanchu-
  6. Padma – Lotus
  7. Gabakshya – Window
  8. Mayura – Peacock
  9. Ubhaya Kartati – love and affection
  10. Pradeepa – Oil Lamp

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